Two-factor authentication—which requires users to provide at least one additional form of identification beyond user name and password to gain access to electronic protected health information—is a relatively low-cost and effective way to meet HIPAA requirements. Yet, not enough hospitals are implementing it into their cybersecurity strategy. 

According to new data released by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT, less than half (49 percent) of hospitals support an infrastructure for two-factor authentication. Critical access (35 percent) and small rural (40 percent) hospitals report the lowest levels of capability. The ONC data brief for the first time makes public national and state trends in two-factor authentication among non-federal U.S. acute care hospitals from 2010 to 2014.

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